On Wednesday, in one of the most corrupted election in history of Somalia – Washington succeeded in installing Dr. Mohamed Abdullahi (Farmaajo) Mohamed, 55, as country’s new president. He is resident of Buffalo, N.Y. He is former prime minister of Somalia (2010-2011), and holds Somali-US dual citizenship.
Only about 14,000 people out a nation of 11 million were allowed to participate in the election, and there was widespread evidence of bribery and vote-buying.
Somalia is one of the seven Muslim-majority countries whose citizens were banned by the newly-elected US Jewish president Donald Trump from entering United States.
Somalia has been a victim of western colonialists Britain and Italy (1840-1960). The first uprising against colonialism occurred in 1899 when Somalis sought to push the Ethiopians out of the Ogaden region but then expanded to target European colonists as well. The Dervish State, headed by Mohammed Abdille Hassan, an Ogaden himself who the British referred to as “Mad Mullah,” for trying to establish a Sharia-based state. The Somali resistance was finally defeated by the British army in 1920.
Italy maintained control of Italian Somaliland as a part of its African empire (including Ethiopia and Eritrea) until 1941. During WWII Great Britain also took over these areas and ruled them as military protectorates until 1949, at which time the newly formed United Nations granted Italy a trusteeship over most of present-day Somalia. The British maintained a trusteeship over what is today the self-declared state of Somaliland.
The northern protectorate of Somaliland gained independence from Britain on June 26, 1960. Five days later, the two former colonies united to form the United Republic of Somalia under president Aden Abdullah Osman Daar, Prime Minister Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, and a 123-member National Assembly representing both territories.
In 1967 Shermarke succeeded Daar but was assassinated in 1969. On the day of Shermarke’s funeral, the Somali army, led by Gen. Mohamed Siad Barre, staged a bloodless coup. Under Barre’s military dictatorship, Somalia became a US-EU nuclear waste dumping site.
In order to maintain good relations with the Israel-controlled United States, Said Barre kept secret contacts with apartheid Israel and the apartheid South Africa. In 1984, Barre met R.F. Botha, the foreign minister of South Africa and in 1985, Barre sent his son-in-law Abdel Rahman Abdi Hussein on a two-week visit to Israel to discuss military cooperation. The resulting agreement covered Israeli arms sale and training of Somali military officials. This cooperation lasted until 1991 when Said Barre was kicked out of power. He died in exile in 1995.
The Islamic Court movement brought some peace in the country by banning clan militias working as mercenaries for foreign powers. This did not go well with the anti-Islam West. So in order bring chaos back – US-Israel created Red Sea piracy and Al-Shabaab terrorist groups. Last year, Obama administration blamed Al-Shabaab for carrying out 9/11 – even though Al-Shabaab didn’t exist in 2001.