“Jammu and Kashmir’s accession to India was not a bonafide one – since it rested on fraud and violence,” Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, told India’s Governor General, Lord Mountbatten, in Lahore, 1947.
“The question of accestion of State of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan will be decided through a democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite,” United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan – S-1196.
“India need Azadi (freedom) from Kashmir just as much – if not more – than Kashmir need Azadi from India,” – Arundhati Roy wrote in Outlook India, September 1, 2008
The State of Jammu and Kashmir is a Muslim-majority state of over 80% – combined in its three areas – Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Hindus, Buddhists and Sikhs constitute the minority groups. India occupied the entire state after its independence from British Raj in 1947. However, the Muslim popualtion revolted and wsa able to liberate most of the Kashmir Valley – which is called “Azad Kashmir”, an autonomous state within Pakistan. The remaining occupied State of Jammu and Kashmir (two-third of total state area) was merged with Indian Union as one of its provinces.
Since their independence in August 14/15, 1947 – India and Pakistan have fough three bloody wars on this disputed land – ending with the loss of half of Pakistan, East Pakistan, in 1971 – now known as Bangladesh. It has also pushed both India and Pakistan into world’s nuclear powers – which includes the US (1945), USSR (1949), Britain (1952), France (1960), China (1964), India (1974), Pakistan (1998), Israel and N. Korea. Israel, India, and Pakistan are not signatories of NP and Nuclear Partial Test Ban Treaty (1963).
India keeps 700,000 armed forces in its part of Jammu and Kashmir to control 7.7 million population (2005) under its occupation. Azad Kashmir has a population of little over 3 million (2001). According to UN records – more than 70,000 people have been killed by Indian Occupation Force (IOF) between 1989-2000.
India has always blamed Pakistan for creating trouble in India’s held part of the State. However, Canadian war correspondent, Eric Margolis, wrote in The Toronto Sun (August 13, 2000) – “Contrary to Indian claims, the insurgents are mostly Kashmiri Muslims and not outsiders, as I have found on my visit to the region. Contrary to Pakistan’s denial – its crack intelligence service, ISI, does discreetly aid some rebel groups with arms and bases. Pakistanis regard Kashmiri guerillas as freedom-fighters. India’s intelligence agency, RAW, abets bombings inside Pakistan aimed at destablizing that shaky, nearly bankrupt nation”.
The recent increase in violence is the result of state government’s decision to grant 99 acres of forest land to Hindu Amarnath Shrine Board, which Muslim population believe – is aimed at altering the demographic balance in the area – as Zionist state has housed 500,000 fanatic Jew settlers in Arab-majority East Jerusalem.
A recent poll conducted in both India and Pakistan by WorldPublicOpnion.org (Daily Times, July 18, 2008) found that if if Kashmiris decide to have a State independent of both India and Pakistan – Majority of Indian and Pakistanis would find it tolerable.