American archaeologist and author, Professor Dr. Ernest L. Martin (1932-2002) had conducted archaeology work in East jerusalem. In his controversial book ‘The Temples that Jerusalem Forgot’, published in 1999 – Dr. Martin claimed that Muslim sacred places, Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of Rock are not built on top of the Temple Mount ruins.
Several other historians in the past had made similar conclusion that the 45-acre landmass known as Haram al-Sharif to the Muslim world since 638 CE – is in fact a Roman fortress built by King Herold and the Jewish holy Wailing Wall (the Western Wall) had never been part of the second Temple of Solomon destroyed in 70 CE.
British archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon discovered in 1962 that the entire City of David in the past had been only that little rock ridge on the western bank of the Kidron Valley. In early 1970s, Professor Benjamin Mazar, former President of Hebrew University too, confirmed that Haram al-Sharif was indeed a Roman fortress.
According to Dr. Martin, the two Hebrew Temples in fact were built a fourth of mile south over Gihon Spring. Martin identifies the Haram al-Sharif as the remaining Fort Antonia, which Herold named after Mark Anthony. Martin shows how Haram al-Sharif was comparable in size and water supply to other Roman fortresses built to guard Roman occupied cities. Martin quotes Bible (2 Sam 6:17, 1 Kg 1:38-39, Ps 46: 3, 4; 87:1-2, 7) to prove his theory.
The 1st century Roman Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus in book ‘The War of Jews’ had quoted Jewish rebel commader at Masada in 73 CE, saying: “Where is this city that was believed to have God himself inhabiting therein? It is now demolished to the very foundations, and hath nothing left but that monument of it preserved, I mean the camp of those that hath destroyed it, which still dwells upon its ruins”.
The lunatic Zionist Jews and Christians are calling for the demolition of Muslims’ third most sacred sanctuary, Al-Aqsa Mosque, so that the Zionist regime can build the so-called ‘promised’ third Jewish Temple, which will hasten the second-coming of Jesus. The radical Jewish ‘Temple Mount Faithful’ group leader, Gershon Solomon is sharing bed with anti-Muslim evangelist Pat Robinson.
Professor George Wesley Buchanan, a United Methodist minister, has written a research article entitled Misunderstanding about Temple Mount, published by the Washington Report (August 2011).
“In biblical times the Haram was not a sacred place. Instead it was the place that Orthodox Jews considered defiled and the most despised place in the world. Within these walls were found no remnants of any of the earlier temples but rather an image of Mars, the Roman god of war,” wrote Buchnan.
“After two violent wars with Rome, the City of David was so completely destroyed that it could not be recognized as a city. The Roman emperor Hadrian decreed that it would be used as an area where the Upper City could dump trash and garbage. It continued in that condition for hundreds of years,” wrote Buchanan. In Muslim Arab army which took control of Jerusalem in 638 CE – did see that place being used as city garbage dump.
“It is not likely that a fourth temple (3rd Temple being Al-Aqsa Mosque) will ever be constructed, either in the City of David or in the Haram. Israel already has diverted the water formerly used for sacrifices away from the former temple area and is making the City of David into a park. Orthodox Jews would oppose having a temple in Herod’s hated fortress. Jews had no interest in the Haram until after the Crusades, when they misunderstood that it was the Temple Mount. If the temple were ever built, it would have to be placed somewhere in the Upper City or a suburb of Jerusalem—not in its former site or in the old Roman Fortress,” wrote Dr. Buchanan.
“Because innocent Evangelical Christians in America, under the guidance of Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell and John Hagee, have not been informed of these facts, they have thought there was some biblical or religious reason why it was necessary to destroy Islam’s third most sacred building in the world, together with the Dome of Rock. It is my hope that, once Christians learn of this mistake, they will stop following Mars and Phineas (Num 25; Ps 106:30-31) and work as zealously for peace, following the teachings of Abraham, the 8th century prophets (Mica 6:8), Jesus, and Paul, as they once worked to promote war in the Middle East. This would make a tremendous difference to Jerusalem – and to the world, concludes Dr. Buchanan.